The civil war within the country still rages, though less intensely than in years past. Child soldiers are used by the Tamil Tigers and any number of human rights organisations and the UN are attempting to stamp out this vile process. There are even reports of Tamils sheltering tsunami affected children and then recruiting them for battle. All sides in this conflict are tainted, however.
It is easy in the West to feel removed from a country-specific conflict, but Sri Lanka is practically on Australia's doorstep.